New Democracy and Autocratization in Asia
Kuyoun Chung, "New Democracy and Autocratization in Asia "
English | ISBN: 1032220694 | 2022 | 268 pages | PDF | 9 MB
This book examines the quality of democracies in Asia and determines why current democracies―especially during the so-called "new normal" era following the 2008 financial crisis―have become less stable and less resilient to increasing authoritarianism.
Based on the assumption that the concept of democracy consists of three elements―procedure (participation, competition, and distribution of power); effectiveness (representation, accountability, and responsiveness); and performance (social welfare, inequality, and trust)―the contributors to this book determine which elements are responsible for diverging trajectories within the Asian democratic recession. Examining South Korea, Japan, Taiwan, Singapore, Vietnam, Indonesia, India, Myanmar, and China, the authors employ different research methods―quantitative, comparative, or individual case studies―to explore the conditions under which democratic rules and norms erode over time, and which type of governance is preferred by citizens in this region as an ideal type. The book puts forward the argument that a procedure-oriented concept of democracy is not sufficient for understanding the source of democratic recession and develops a new concept of "new democracy" based on procedure, effectiveness, and performance. It also demonstrates to what extent the experience changes and how the countries respond to these changes.